Row Direction--Which End is Up?
Some considerations regarding which way to lay out vine rows
Jul 2008 Issue of Wine Business Monthly
In a vineyard installation, probably no decision is more permanent and costly to modify than row direction. Wrong variety? Grafting is relatively easy. Wrong rootstock? Digging up the old vines and replanting sure is costly. But row direction involves infrastructure: Stakes, endposts, wire, underground and above-ground irrigation components, drainage, etc. Changing row direction usually requires a total tear-out and new installation of a vineyard. So, getting it right the first time is essential...
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